Door Hinges - Types, Applications, and Buying Guide
The security of your home begins with a secure door and the secret to a reliable door lies in its strong hinges. Every door has a perfect hinge waiting for it somewhere that would complete it. Squeaky door hinges can cause sleepless nights, bring trouble to relationships or leave a terrible first impression. Sometimes it is the ever so changing weather that causes drafts in your homes, impacting even your doors. Faulty door hinges cause a hindrance when opening or closing your door. Here at Florida Lumber, we guarantee to provide you with the door hinges of the highest quality at the most affordable price. We take pride in our promise to bring you a one-stop solution for all your building needs along with our top-notch customer service.
Parts of Door Hinges
To understand a door hinge better, you need to first learn about its intricate parts. This technical terminology would come in handy for understanding different types of door hinges later in this article.
- Leaf: It is the flat part that is screwed to the door and frame. This part is also known as the wing of the hinge.
- Knuckle: It is the cylindrical middle section of the hinge where the two leaves meet. This part allows the door’s motion.
- Pin: It is a long piece that slides inside the knuckle and keeps the leaves together. Upon removing the pin, you can remove the entire door from its frame.
- Sleeves: These are the small circular portions of the knuckle which holds the pin in its position.
Door Hinge Types & Applications
Perhaps all door hinges may appear the same to you but there are several different door hinges that are designed for specific applications. Selecting the door hinge is as important as choosing the door lock when it comes to the security of your privacy.
We bring you this Door Hinge Buying Guide which will provide you with the best information on buying a hinge.
Butt Hinge: This is the most common type of hinge which is widely used. Also known as the mortise hinge, two or three of these hinges are mortised together to hold the door to the frame.
Barrel Hinge: This type of hinge looks like barrels and are very easy to install. The joint is literally a hole drilled into the wall. They are usually used where there is a low load on the radius, like in gates and other similar applications.
Piano Hinges: This type of hinges run along the entire length of two objects and holds them together. It is classically used in pianos, hence the name. Its application ranges from toolboxes to wall partitions.
Butterfly Hinge: Theses hinges come in the shape of a beautiful butterfly, with intricate designs and a variety of different colors. These types of hinges are best suited for instances where the door hinge is visible.
Flush Hinge: In this type of hinge one leaf fits inside another thus making it one of the most space-efficient hinges. It eliminates the need to cut an edge into the door for the installation and also leaves no gap between the door and the frame. Given its small size, it is only applicable where the load is less.
Pivot Hinge: It is usually used for overlay doors where one part moves over another. They are available for both heavy and low duty needs. With this hinge, the door can now be opened from both sides.
Barrel Hinge: This hinge comes in two parts. One section is in the shape of a barrel which is attached to a pivot for movement. This type of hinges can be easily dismantled and thus even easier to fix.
Spring Hinge: The spring hinge automatically closes the door using the properties of a spring. The spring hinge, two-door hinges for each door, generates enough force to push the door back into its initial closed position automatically.
Gate Hinge: As the name suggests, the gate hinge is used mainly in gates. It has an L shaped screw pinned to the post attached to the gate. They come with varying load capacity.
Factors to consider buying door hinges
With a plethora of hinge types, choosing the precise hinge for your door can be challenging. This Door Hinge Buying Guide solves that problem for you too. While buying a door hinge there are several factors which you must keep in mind.
Choosing the correct door hinge material is one of the most important aspects. Some of the most common door hinge materials are stainless steel, brass, copper, bronze, cast iron, and pewter. You must choose the hinge material depending on the position of the hinge. Exterior doors often use stainless steel hinges for its corrosion-resistant quality and durability.
Next comes the Height of the door. Standard 60” doors that usually require 3 hinges. Anything taller than that would require more.
The width and thickness of the door in question is another key factor. Thicker and taller doors would evidently be heavier and thus generate more load. Thus, you must choose a hinge depending on the maximum load capacity.
Lastly, the appearance of the hinge. While it is not the most practical aspect of a hinge, the different shapes, colors, and finishes of the hinges can add a certain mood to it.
Hinges are an integral part of the door frame and the unsung heroes who hold your doors in place. Whether you are replacing an old door, maybe just a hinge or getting a new one altogether, choosing the correct hinge is very important. Here at Florida Lumber, it is truly more than lumber. But we do not want to take our word for it. Come visit our website and our showrooms and allow us to take care of all your furniture needs.